FANK, n.2, v.2 I. n. 1. A sheepfold, a walled or fenced pen for sheep. Orig. Highland but now fairly Gen.Sc.
*Slg. 1812 P. Graham Agric. Stirling 293:
In the vicinity of the farmer’s dwelling there is a pen, here called a fank, erected of stone and turf.
*Sc. 1849 Session Cases (1848–49) 535:
Macfarlane had been employed at his sheep fank all day.
*Uls. 1907 Enquiry into the state of Rathlin Islanders II.:
During the summer they have to be herded on the hillocks and knowes among the cultivated plots during the day, and kept in walled-in enclosures, called, locally, fanks, at night.
*Abd. 1926 L. Coutts Lyrics 54:
Lammies bleat in aw the fanks.
*w.Sc. 1949 Scots Mag. (Sept.) 463:
Sometimes the fank is substantially built with high stone dykes around its pens and runways, and many ingeniously contrived wicket-gates for “shedding” the sheep into various pens, according to their class and age.
2. A sheep-shearing at a fank. Hence fank-day (Sc. 1911 S.D.D.).
*Sc. 1875 W. A. Smith Lewsiana 157:
News has come to the cottage this morning that the people are gathering for the Carloway fank.
3. A small cattle-fair, held at a fank.
*Arg. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 VII. 162:
Formerly there were several small fairs, called Fanks in the parish [Ardnamurchan], which the principal cattle dealers never attended.
II. v. To drive into a sheep-fold (Per., Slg. 1825 Jam.). Gen.Sc.
[Gael., Ir. fang, a sheep-pen.]